How Evolutionism started
and where it goes...
excerpt from the Chapter:
"A Brief Critique of the Evolutionary Model"
Creation, Genesis and Early Man, 2nd edition
by Fr. Seraphim Rose
Now we come to a key concept which is extremely important for understanding both the religious and the secular outlook of contemporary man. This idea is an extremely complex one, and here we can only give a sketchy outline of the problems involved in this question.
Charles Darwin's Origin of Species came out in 1859, was instantly accepted by many people, and soon became very popular. People such as T.H. Huxley and Herbert Spencer in England, together with Ernst Haeckel in Germany [author of The Riddle of the Universe, 1899] and others, popularized the ideas of Darwin and made evolution the very center of their philosophy. It seems to explain everything. Of course, people like Nietzsche picked it up and used it for their so-called spiritual prophesies.* Thus, the people who were in the main school of Western thought – which was rationalism carried as far as you can take it – accepted evolution. To the present day, one can say that evolution is a central dogma of "advanced" thinkers, of people who are in harmony with the times.
* Through the mouth of his "prophet" Zarathustra, Fredrich Nietzsche proclaimed: "Man is something to be surpassed... What is the ape to man? A laughingstock or a bitter shame. And just the same shall man be to the Superman: A laughingstock or a bitter shame. Ye have made your way from worm to man, and much in you is still worm. Once ye were apes, and even now man is more ape than any ape... Behold, I preach to you the Superman. The Superman is the meaning of the earth."