2nd edition 2015
St. Tikhon (January 18, 1865 - March 25, 1925, Julian calendar), the Patriarch of Moscow, sought to preserve the Church and the Faith against the onslaughts of the Bolsheviks and their tool, the ‘Living Church’. He feared that one of his successors would fall and sign the Church over to the Bolsheviks as did in fact happen with Metropolitan Sergius. (Chapter 5, pp. 102 - 103 of the revised version.) He did not seek unity with the ‘Living Church’. On the contrary, in the Patriarch’s statement, p. 90-93, he spoke of how the ‘Living Church’ group had separated themselves from the true Church. He roundly condemned them. He declared all the arrangements that they had made were ‘null and void, and all actions and sacraments performed by bishops and clergymen who have forsaken the Church, are devoid of the grace of God while the faithful taking part in such prayers and such sacraments shall receive no sanctification thereby, and are subject to condemnation for participation in their sin.’
Jane Swan’s biography documents an important part of recent Russian Church history that is grossly misunderstood in the West. I have the original biography of Patriarch Tikhon by her and was hopeful that this version would include updated information. This ‘revised’ version, however, leaves something to be desired. I went through and compared the original and Kenworthy’s revision. He should have written his own biography instead of playing copy editor to Jane Swan.
He couldn't resist adding words here, subtracting words there or rearranging J. Swan's sentences or rephrasing. He replaced words with synonyms. But, he faithfully copied typos from the original! Sometimes for pages, he copied the original wording with no changes. A good copy editor wouldn’t have copied the typos and would have left Jane Swan’s style alone.
He replaced Sobor with Council but then put in podvorye in place of Hotel (chapter 2) which is capricious. He replaced klobuk with kukol (chapter 2) with no explanation for the change. He changed the name of St. Tikhon's cell attendant from Jacob Sergievitch Ostroumoff to Yakov Anisimovich Polozov (chapter 5) without explanation. If it was a correction, he should have so noted it. At least in the end notes, he indicated which were his and which ones were original.
Kenworthy didn’t include any information about the glorification of the saint by the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad on October 19, 1981 (Julian calendar) along with the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russian or even mention that St. Tikhon’s feast day is celebrated on Nov. 5/18 or the reason for that choice. It so happens that Nov. 5/18 is the day on which St. Tikhon was selected as the new patriarch. J. Swan did not include that date, but Kentworthy could have. He has added very little to our knowledge of the Saint beyond lamenting that this is the only biography in English. He has taken advantage of little of the resources that his preface claims have become available.
He did add some photos, including one from the burial service and two of the finding of the saint's relics and one of a full length icon. The photo of the Patriarch in the original biography was not included. It is, however, available on the internet here:
S. Kenworthy's Preface in his new edition