After my death our beloved Church abroad will break three ways ... first the Greeks will leave us as they were never a part of us ... then those who live for this world and its glory will go to Moscow ... what will remain will be those souls faithful to Christ and His Church. ~St. Philaret of NY


Excerpt from Typicon of Violakis

Re: DEP PSALTIC ARTS GROUP - From the Typicon of the Great Church on Chanters


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John Peter E Presson

Sat, Mar 24, 2018 at 10:39 AM

John’s Note: The following excerpt is from the Typicon of the Great Church (Giorgios Violakis) -from the 2015 translated edition published by the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of Denver Church Music Federation. It is of worthy consideration, particularly in America, where the apple has fallen very far from the tree -to the reform minded and those who would abandon musical standards in the Holy Orthodox Church:
On Chanters:
Violakis cites the 15th Canon of the Ecumenical Council in Laodicea (AD 364) which forbids anyone to chant in church services except ordained chanters who have musical training and talent. To avoid disorder and confusion in sound (chasmodia), only highly tutored and experienced chanters should be allowed to chant in order to creat ordered beauty (eflaxia) and elicit in the churchgoer the proper emotions (Sygkinisis).
Guiding criteria for chanters:
Violakis cites the following list of criteria for good chanting, proposed by the Music Committee and approve by the Church
  1. Chanters should be selected only if they match each other in quality of voice and in music ability.
  2. Ison (drone holders) and canonarchs (reciters) should be appointed at least three for each group and they should train twice or three times a week.
  3. Certain lessons should be assigned for the training of chanters.
  4. The members of the chant group should perform their task in a solemn and reverent manner avoiding affectation and impropriety.
  5. The members of the chant group should practice clear diction (emphasis mine) so that those who attend the services understand the sacred text and respond to it with the appropriate feelings
  6. The rhythm and speed each hymns should be written down for every section of the hymns so that chanters may study them beforehand.
  7. The ison part of the ison holders should be written in a separate line of the hymn.

John Peter Presson, Dip. Theo. (HC)
Protopsaltis of the Diocese of Etna and Portland (GOC)
Director of Liturgical Music -Holy Nativity of the Theotokos Orthodox Church, Portland, OR
Musicorum et cantorum magna distanti est, isti dicunt, illi sciunt quae componit musica

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